In 1506, he came for religious interaction with the sages of Banaras when he preached his dogma of Sikhism on the Maha Shivaratri festival day. [21] Also remaining is the Chaukhandi Stupa commemorating the spot where Buddha met his first disciples in the 5th century. Profile of the Hindu Poet Goswami Tulsidas, Characters of the Mahabharata: Glossary of Names (A to H), Ramayana Character Map: People and Places in the Great Hindu Epic, The Ramayana: India's Most Beloved Epic Tale, Mystical Saint-Poet Sant Kabir (1440 to 1518), M.A., English Literature, University of North Bengal, Another popular temple is the Sankatmochan Temple, dedicated to the simian-god. A major religious hub in India, it is the holiest of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) in Hinduism and Jainism, and played an important role in the development of Buddhism and Ravidassia. Varanasi is a cherished name in the art of silk weaving. For every visitor, Varanasi has a different experience to offer. At Simhapur, there are two Jain temples, one of Svetamabara and the other of Digambara. [28][29] Starting in 1923, the temple organizes a five-day classical music and dance concert festival titled Sankat Mochan Sangeet Samaroh in this period, when iconic artists from all parts of India are invited to perform. [33][34], Nag Nathaiya, celebrated on the fourth lunar day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu month of Kartik (October–November), that commemorates the victory of Krishna over the serpent Kaliya. People watch the display standing on the banks of the river or from boats. By the 2nd millennium bce, Varanasi was a seat of Aryan religion and philosophy and was also a commercial and industrial centre famous for its muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, ivory works, and sculpture. Since then it is also known as the Golden Temple. [23], Dalits encompass 13% of Varanasi's population. [34], Ganga Mahotsav is a five-day music festival organized by the Uttar Pradesh Tourism Department, held in November–December culminating a day before Kartik Poornima (Dev Deepawali). Gobind Singh had deputed five of his disciples to a school in Varanasi to learn Sanskrit and this school is still continuing; this is named as Guru Nanak Sanskrit Vidyalaya in Bisheshvarganj. Kashi (a name popular with Hindu pilgrims for the city of Varanasi) is one of the holiest cities and centres of pilgrimage for Hindus of all denominations. The church rises to a height of 60 feet (18 m). Subhamoy Das is the co-author of "Applied Hinduism: Ancient Wisdom for Today's World." Varanasi also known as Banaras/Kashi is one of the oldest cities to be inhabited in the world, dating back to 1800B.C. After Parsvanatha, Mahavira came here in the 6th century BC. The sacred city of Varanasi or also known as Benares is one of the oldest in the world and one of the seven sacred cities for Hinduism, since according to cosmology it is considered the center of the earth. In ancient times, the city was famous for its production of fine fabrics, perfumes, ivory works, and sculpture. On Kartik Poornima, also called the Ganges festival, the Ganges is venerated by arti offered by thousands of pilgrims who release lighted lamps to float in the river from the ghats. Other Hindu holy places, such as the Kedarnath at Kedar Ghat, Mathura at Bakaruia Kund or Nakhi Ghat, Prayagraj (Allahadbad) at Dashahvamedha Ghat, Kamakhya (Assam) at Kamachha, Kurukshetra at Kurkukshetra Kund[1] near Asi, and Lake Manasarovar at Mansarovar near Shyameshvara are a part of the city's religious and cultural heritage. [6][7] Over 50,0Brahmins live in Kashi, providing religious services to the masses. 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